SCHOOLS OF DEPARTURE

Digital Atlas of Design and Art Education beyond the Bauhaus

Digital Atlas of Design and Art Education beyond the Bauhaus

The picture atlas illustrates in which ways, in which institutional forms and in which geopolitical context aspects of design education were translated and thus further developed.

The console in the middle of the screen opens up the different sections of the website: the Explore section gathers visual documents on various school experiments on a virtual light table. The schools listed there by topic can be displayed in full in the Index; this content can be searched and filtered. The various issues of the Journal highlight selected, overarching questions that arise from the mapping of the transfer processes in the field of education. In the Notes section, users are invited to contribute their own suggestions for the further development of the atlas.

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HISTORICAL TITLES

Akademija primijenjenih umjetnosti

Country

Yugoslavia

City

Zagreb

Active

1949 – 1955

The Academy of Applied Arts in Zagreb, founded in 1949, is a shining example of a post-war educational model built on the legacy of the Bauhaus, which places it among a large number of educational institutions that emerged worldwide after 1933. The establishment and operation of the Academy must be viewed in the context of time, of the new political atmosphere of socialist Yugoslavia that assumed an important geopolitical position between the east and the west. The new political circumstances favoured not only the development of abstract art – especially among Zagrebian artists, architects and designers and the founders of the group EXAT 51 – but also the development of a modern educational model that stimulated freedom of critical thought, creative expression and experimentation in the fields of architecture, art, and design.

The Academy’s curriculum was based on the model of the Bauhaus, centred on the preliminary course followed by specialist studies in architecture, sculpture, printmaking, textiles, ceramics and painting. The aim of the study programme was to educate people who would apply aesthetic and fine art criteria to the design of industrially produced objects. Among the more distinguished professors at the Academy were also architects Vjenceslav Richter and Zvonimir Radić, members of the group EXAT 51, who conveyed their progressive attitudes to students within the framework of the architecture department. There, Richter taught construction and planning, while Radić held lectures on industrial product design and contemporary spatial concepts. Richter stated that the objective of the curriculum was ‘to bring up a cadre of people who would master the method of interior design planning while relying on contemporary scientific achievements’. In this, we recognise the presence of the influence of the Bauhaus principles.

The fate of the Academy was similar to that of related institutions; it operated briefly, and the underlying reasons for its termination were quite possibly political. However, its far-reaching influences can be observed in the works of a generation of students and, in the wider sense, in the architectural and artistic creations of authors close to the Academy, albeit with different educational paths. It is in this light we must view the Yugoslav Pavilion at the 11th Milan Triennial in 1957, one of the most notable post-war projects designed by a group of architects, painters, sculptors and textile designers, who were former students and professors at the Academy, and other authors with similar creative principles. This creation was awarded the prestigious Silver Medal at the Triennial; unfortunately, such a successful form of collaboration, in which the idea of a synthetic approach was implemented, was never repeated. However, even though the goals of the Academy were never fully achieved, most of its students kept applying – in their independent activities and guided by the principle of ‘synthetic approach’ – the acquired pedagogical principles that had their origins in methods of the Bauhaus.

Vesna Meštrić

People
Topic
Travelling concept

New designers

NETWORK
24.03.2022
Vesna Meštrić

Reception of the Bauhaus in Forming the New Socialist Daily Life

24.03.2022
Jasna Galjer

Experiment as method: The tradition of Bauhaus Pedagogy as the Academy of Applied Arts in Zagreb (1949–1955)

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Åberg, Gösta

Aicher, Otl

Albers, Anni

Albers, Josef

Amacher, Maryanne

Asawa, Ruth

Balden, Theo

Belkahia, Favid

Bense, Max

Benton, Steve

Bergmiller, Karl-Heinz

Berlage, Hendrik Petrus

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Bittencourt, Niomar Moniz Sodré

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de Mandrot, Hélène

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Eames, Ray

Einstein, Albert

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Field, Marshall

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Friedlaender-Wildenhain, Marguerite

Fulla, Ľudovít

Fuller, Richard Buckminster

Gargallo, Pablo

Gill, Eric

Girola, Claudio

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Gropius, Walter

Grundig, Hans

Grundig, Lea

Gugelot, Hans

Hamilton, Richard

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Heiliger, Bernhard

Herr, Gordon

Herr, Jane

Hindemith, Paul

Hirche, Herbert Walter

Högner, Rudi

Hoffmann, Eugen

Hořješ, Antonín

Hunt, Richard Morris

Iommi, Godofredo

Itten, Johannes

Jalowetz, Heinrich

Jalowetz, Johanna

John, Eric

Kadow, Elisabeth

Kadow, Gerhard

Kahl, Elsa

Kandinsky, Wassily

Katz, Renina

Kepes, György

Klee, Paul

Köhler, Günther

Krause, Erwin

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Maldonado, Tomás

Månsson Mandelgren, Nils

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Mendelsohn, Erich

Meyer, Hannes

Mies van der Rohe, Ludwig

Moholy, Lucia

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Motta, Nelson

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Petroff-Bohne, Christa

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Pignatari, Decio

Pollak, Frances M.

Portinho, Carmen

Priestly, William

Radić, Zvonimir

Rand, Paul

Reiss, Hilde

Rice, John Andrew

Rice Pereira, Irene

Richter, Vjenceslav

Rohde, Gilbert

Rose, Hajo

Sarabhai, Gautam

Sarabhai, Gira

Schapiro, Meyer

Schawinsky, Xanti

Schlemmer, Oskar

Scholl, Inge

Selmanagić, Selman

Stam, Mart

Stavenow, Åke

Straus, Erwin

Tagore, Rabindranath

Tschichold, Jan

Twombly, Cy

Ulrich, Lila

Valéry, Paul

van de Velde, Henry

van der Beek, Stan

van Doesburg, Theo

Vasarely, Victor

Vogenauer, Rudolf

Vydra, Josef

Weiner, Tibor

Wessel, Gösta

Wijdeveld, Hendricus Theodorus

Winter, Fritz G.

Witzemann, Herta-Maria

Wodiczko, Krzysztof

Wollner, Alexandre

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